Globalization is, though there is no agreed upon definition, the expansion and intensification of social relations and consciousness across world-time and world-space with the increasing velocity of movement that displays global integration. In the past, nations could stand alone and be adequate. Today, all nations are part of an interdependent global order where they rely on each other.
One of the primary forces that drives globalization is technology. Because of advancements in transportation of data and people, goods and service can be easily transferred throughout the world. Global interactions can now occur instantly and do not have to wait days, weeks or even months to communication or exchange items.
Karl Marx predicted globalization over 150 years ago. Marx stated that the need for products creates a constant expanding market where connections would be established everywhere, and in every direction, to make a universal interdependence of nations. To understand the complexity of globalization, we must first consider whether it is making the world bigger or smaller. Marx suggested that the world was getting smaller to the point that old practices were transforming globalized processes. He believed there is a compression in the world where people throughout the world shared similar items. If you have ever traveled abroad, you would have noticed certain products that you would likely to find in the US, such as, Coca-Cola, McDonald’s, Apple products, and many others.
These similarities suggest that global compression is taking place. The world seems smaller because global integration provides a sense of familiarity and sameness no matter where you are in the world.
On the other hand, because of technology many can argue that the world has been opened up to portray the world as even bigger than it has been. We can now travel to nearly every inch of the world and communicate with foreign people and cultures because of advances in transportation and telecommunications.
Although a convincing argument can be made for both positions, it’s crucial that we become aware of the rapid increase of globalization and how this affects the world.